Yale School of Management | Groups



Rules & Positions

Hockey is played with 6 positions on the ice for each team. This is broken into 3 forwards, 2 defensemen, and 1 goalie. Forwards and defensemen will be substituted regularly througout the game. Substitutions occur in sets, or lines. A forward line consists of three players: the center, left wing and right wing. A defense line consists of two players: left defense and right defense. The goalie can be substituted, but usually plays the entire game. In normal hockey, substitutions are made "on-the-fly", meaning play is not stopped while the substitution occurs. Each forward line will play for about 1 to 2 minutes and defenseive lines will play for 3 to 5 minutes. The time a line spends on the ice before getting substituted is called a shift.

In SOM Hockey, the shifts will be 2 minutes each, where the buzzer will denote when a line change should occur. When the buzzer sounds in SOM Hockey, both forward and defensive lines will change. Lines will be organized by ability to ensure the skill level of both team's lines are comparable. 

Ice Zones and Position Basics

The ice is broken down into three seperate zones: attacking zone, neutral zone, and defensive zone. The zones are from the perspective of each team (thus one team's attacking zone is the other's defensive zone). The neutral zone is the same for both teams. A diagram of the zones and the general positioning of one team is below: 

RW - right wing; C - center; LW - left wing; D - defenseman; G - goalie

Two Basic Rules - Icing and Offsides

While these rules will not be enforced during practices at the begining (and later for the less-experienced lines), they WILL be enforced during the Gartska Cup and during shifts of experienced players. The blue lines denote attacking and defensive zones. Offsides occurs when an attacking player (going towards the opposite team's goal) crosses the opposite blue line (the blue line on the left in the above picture) before the puck has crossed the same blue line. If this happens, all attacking players must return to the neutral zone before they can renter the attacking zone. 

Icing occurs when one player shoots the puck from the defensive side of the center red line to the attacking side. The puck must pass the center red line and the opposing teams goal line (the horizontal red line on the left in the picture above) without entering the goalie crease (the blue area in front of the goal). This must occur without the possiblily of another player being able to play the puck before it passes both lines. When this happens, play is stopped and the puck is taken back to where the player first shot the puck, where play is resumed. The short video below explains these two rules in more detail.